Erwin Schulhoff

was born in Prague.  His talent was praised by Dvořák himself, for whom the seven year old boy auditioned.  Only 14 when he passed the entrance exam at the Leipzig Conservatory, he studied there with Max Reger.  Graduating at sixteen, he produced the Three Pieces for String Orchestra, in which his great love for Grieg is apparent.  After studies with Steinbach in Cologne, where he won the Wüllner Prize for conducting, and concerts in Prague and various German towns, he returned to Leipzig in 1913 and won the Felix Mendelssohn Prize  -  as a pianist.  He won it again in 1919 in the composition category; but the experiences of WWI had had a strong influence on his musical sensibilities, and he turned increasingly towards the avante garde.  His apartment in Dresden became a center of the Dada movement.  With Alban berg he organized the Dresden „progressive concerts“ which were subsidized by the Saxon Artists Federation.  Later his composing style was increasingly influenced by jazz.

In August 1942 he died at the Wülzburg, a concentration camp near Weissenburg in Bavaria.